Rourke, L. and Kanuka, H. (2009) Learning in Communities of Inquiry: A Review of the Literature Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 23, No. 1
From the abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate learning in communities of inquiry (CoI) as the terms are defined in Garrison, Anderson, and Archer’s (2000) framework….the review indicates that it is unlikely that deep and meaningful learning arises in CoI. Students associate the surface learning that does occur with independent activities or didactic instruction; not sustained communication in critical CoI…..We encourage researchers to conduct more, substantial investigations into the central construct of the popular framework for e-learning and theorists to respond to the mounting body of disconfirming evidence.
A must read article for community of inquiry enthusiasts.